Flashback Friday

20 years ago today the financial markets saw the largest one-day percentage decline in Dow Jones history, aka Black Monday. I can still remember where I was when I heard the news. I was sitting in the gym of Washington Catholic High School in Washington, Indiana watching the basketball team practice and I can remember Peter Jennings delivering the news and looking shell shocked.

That was my first experience of investing in the markets and I saw a hugh part of my capital disappear that day. It was a great lesson to learn early on and it got me even more interested in the financial markets. It was also around this time I discovered Lou Dobbs of Moneyline and got hooked on watching my daily dose of financial news.

To me Black Monday seems like yesterday and I’m sure most people probably don’t even know where they were. It got me to think about other events that I remember exactly where I was when I heard the news:
– Death of Princess Diana (Aug 31, 1997) – just paid the parking attendant and heading to a club in Georgetown DC
– 9/11 – getting ready to head to the office, once i got to the office I realized how massive the attack was
– Space Shuttle Challenger explosion (Jan 28, 1986) – In a mall, it also happened to be the day I became a US Citizen

Indian Market Update

I was at the gym Tuesday night when the ticker flashed on CNBC-18 – “SEBI issues a report on P-Notes.” My first reaction was “fu!#@$ the markets are going to crash.”

The report by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) outlined measure to control the foreign flow of funds into India via P-Notes. Of course, it wasn’t so clear in the report and that led to speculation that the gov’t was shutting the door on foreign funds.

When the market opened on Wednesday at 9:55am, within 45 seconds the Sensex had dropped over 1700 points and triggered a one hour trading stop. Which was expected because many people inferred that foreign money would have to exit India. However, around 10:35am the finance minister P. Chidambaram came on TV and said the reason for limiting P-Notes was to steer foreign funds down the path of FII registration with SEBI.

A little history on participatory note (P-Notes), they are basically swaps issued by a Merrill or Goldman. If you are a fund and want to trade Indian equities you have two options:

1. Register as a Foreign Instituional Investor (FII) with SEBI. Dealing with any Indian governement entity is a pain, but SEBI has been especially painful. I know of several funds that tried to register but got rejected because their marketing material used the term “hedge fund.” SEBI wants full transparency and hence doesn’t like hedge funds…or so they say.

2. Skip all registrations and goto Merrill or Goldman and open a prime brokerage account. When you hit the buy button on 20,ooo shares of Reliance, Goldman will buy the shares for you and hold it in their name. Then Goldman issues a bilateral financial contract (aka P-Notes) to synthetically replicate the economic returns of the underlying shares. The problem is that this creates a hugh reporting void for SEBI, since they don’t know who actually owns the shares. So SEBI in effect is driving hedge funds to act like hedge funds and be opaque about their holdings.

In summary, hopefully this shift away from P-Notes to FII registrations will give the market more clarity and SEBI more transparency it so badly wants.


I’m hooked onto Yet Another Google Service (YAGS)…this one is GrandCentral. It’s a phone service that is essentially a call router. You get a new number from GrandCentral and then you configure the service to call up to 3 other phones. I first thought it was a Skype replacement but in fact it’s not. You actually need Skype or a working US phone. My biggest complaint about Skype is that when someone leaves a voicemail i won’t get notified until I login, they really should just shoot you an email. With GrandCentral if someone leaves me a voicemail i get notified right away.  Also, during the beta test calls are free in the US. I really see this service being useful if you have 10-15 phone numbers all over the US and want them to aggregate back into one.  Which is similar to how I use gmail, I have 4-5 accounts that all collapse back into my main gmail.com account.

Online Robbery

I routinely joke that Indians are bad at math, because the rates that people pay for financial products here in India is sometimes off the charts. The interest rate on credit cards right now is around 37% a year – ouch.

Till 2 years ago, as an Indian citizen you could not remit more than USD 25,000 out of India. That has now changed to USD 200,00 and that is a hugh number in India. Consequently many companies are trying to get a piece of that action – enter ICICI.

ICICIdirect.com the online trading platform for the bank has established a partnership for the US markets to trade NYSE and NASDAQ listed companies. Now the math, ICICI will charge the client 75bps on the transaction cost, so a USD 20,000 trade will cost the client USD 150 for brokerage. I haven’t seen those type of brokerage rates since the 80’s when I was in high school getting screwed by my broker at Merrill Lynch as he was handing off half-assed research reports.

For any Indian citizen looking to remit money outside of India, I would highly recommend you open up an E*Trade account in either the US or Hong Kong and pay a flat USD 10 per trade. The ICICI partnership is a good deal for people that are bad at math and don’t know how to multiple USD 20,000 by .0075.

iPhone on Airtel

After buying the iPhone at the Fifth Avenue store in NYC, I finally got around to unlocking it so it works in India on the Airtel network. When I was in NYC I used the AT&T prepaid service for a couple of weeks and the phone is great. It has a slick interface and definitely has a high sizzle factor.

I was able to unlock the phone with instructions provided on the web (with some help from a cousin), but it ain’t for the faint of heart. If FTP, SSH or BSD sound like scary acronyms then I suggest you stay away from doing this on your own.

Apple is telling people that unlocking the phone is a no-no. I can see their viewpoint, if the reports are true then Apple earns 10% of the revenue generated from an iPhone user. So if the user has an unlocked phone, they can use any network and Apple is cut out of that revenue stream. It ain’t personal it’s business.

I love that pic of the NYC store – Mac’s and Murcielago’s. The other pic compares the BlackBerry Pearl to the iPhone.

2 years in India

On Oct 1, 2005, I was on a flight to India for a 6 month business trip. Fast forward to Oct 1, 2007, again I’ll be on a flight to India. Yup, two years in India where has the time gone. A lot has happened both on the personal and business front. Personally, I got married in Dec 2006 and getting settled in Bombay. Many of my previous blog postings have been about doing business in India but the one question I consistently hear is “How is India?” Most people are interested to know the day to day routine of being on the ground in the “motherland.” Below are some random observations that I see day to day in Mumbai:

– Media – reporting is abysmal at best, what they report is so superficial it makes me want to puke. Most of the reporting is about Bollywood.
– Bollywood – the overall population’s obsession is bewildering. More annoying is when ANY entertainer comes to India, they ask them the same stupid questions – “Do you like Bollywood movies?” or “Would you act in a Bollywood movie?”.
– Infrastructure – this has been talked about so much I hate to mention it. Roads, water, electricity and internet access are all lacking from every data point
– Telecom – calls are so cheap on mobiles phones its criminal. When John Chambers talked about voice calls being free, I’m sure he didn’t think it would happen in India first
– Aviation – Many new competitors coming into the market and driving the prices down, which is really good
– Use of technology – websites for many companies are horrible at best
– Ambani Syndrome – everyone thinks they are connected to some big guy, even my driver suffers from this. They throw out the famous “Do you know who i am?” line.
– Slow crime – You probably won’t get robbed at night, but you will slowly get robbed during the day such as the taxi driver or parking attendant. All these guys try to squeeze a couple more bucks from you
– Robots – many people lack critical thinking skills, which is good if you want people to do the same thing over and over. However sometimes that can be frustrating. An example is when I get my car washed every morning, it’s parked in spot #3. Sometimes, another car might be parked there and on cue the guy will wash whatever car is in #3 – he’s a robot.
– Customer service – very much lacking, their idea of customer service is to just say “inconvenience regretted” and shove a comment card in your face and expect only glowing comments.
– the one stat that still shocks me is in 2004-2005, 77% of the population had an income below Rs. 20 (50 cents) per day.

After a while, I realized the “motherland” is as foreign to me as Sweden. But, I guess that’s the reason I love it here (minus the Monsoons).